Jackson V. Scholz is a two-time Olympic champion in track and field (1920, Antwerp; 1924, Paris), and a 1982 Hall of Fame inductee.
Scholz was born on March 15th, 1897 in Buchanan, Michigan. He attended the University of Missouri where he received a bachelor's degree in journalism and competed on the track and field team.
Scholz graduated in 1920, and later that year represented the NYAC at the Olympic Games in Antwerp. He and fellow NYAC member Loren Murchison won the gold medal in the 4x100m relay with a time of 42.2, a new world record. Scholz came within a split second of winning his second medal, this time in the 100m, but he ultimately finished in fourth.
Going into the 1924 Olympic Games in Paris, Scholz was considered the fastest man in the world, and the favorite for the 100m and 200m. Scholz won the gold medal in the 200m, with a time of 21.6 seconds, an Olympic record. However, he finished in second place in the 100m final, upset by British sprinter Harold Abrahams. The race, and the story of Harold Abrahams, were popularized by the film Chariots of Fire.
Scholz was inducted into the USA Track and Field Hall of Fame in 1977 and is remembered as one of the greatest sprinters in American history.
Scholz died on October 26th, 1986.